What do we do at Public Health?: 5 departments, 5 functions for 2005
H PE $10 million annual budget; $1.5 million is 100 % funded by Province of Ontario
$8.5 million: Shared 75-25% provincial-municipal funding (after CRF rebates);
1/5 (21%) of Board of Health Budget comes from local taxes = $14 per person
150,000 residents in HPE Counties; 130 employees. 5 offices (1 main, 4 sub offices)
5 departments: Nursing, Inspection, Dentistry, Healthy Lifestyles, Administration
Our goal: "Healthy families & healthy individuals living in a safe community."
Our method: PREVENTION of illness
(1% of provincial health budget: Prevention (Public health); 99%: Patient Care & rx)
5 functions/promises/vows: Ontario HPPA 1990 Mandatory programs
1. Family & Dental Health
Family health: e.g pregnancy prevention in teens, reduction in low birth weight in pregnant women, and identification of "at risk" new mothers and newborns, etc
Dental health : screening for Preventive dentistry, and Restorative dentistry for underprivileged children (CINOT, Ont Works)
2. Prevention of Acute Illness: Infection and Injury.
a. Infection: Vaccine preventable diseases: diphtheria, whooping cough, polio, tetanus, meningitis (hemophilis and meningococcus), measles (Red and German), mumps, Pneumococcus (pneumonia etc), Chickenpox; Hepatitis B; Influenza;
Also: travel vaccines: Hepatitis A, etc Uptake rate in Ontario:96%
Rabies, Tuberculosis, West Nile Virus
STD's: Chlamydia, gonorrhea, syphilis, herpes, AIDS.
Food safety: food poisoning; food safety inspection.
Safe drinking water: public and private water supplies. SDWAct
Safe swimming: bathing beaches ; pools
Institutional Outbreak Control (hospitals, LTC, nurseries, day care)
b. Injury: Motor vehicles collisions (#1 age 1- 41), bicycle accidents, drowning, falls
And including/through: Alcohol and Substance Abuse Prevention
3. Prevention of Chronic Illness: heart disease, stroke, cancer (breast, cervical), asthma/bronchitis/emphysema lung disease, diabetes, osteoporosis
Through:Healthy Lifestyles:stop smoking, exercise, nutrition;Cancer Screening.
4. Health Hazard Investigation: any biological, chemical, physical threat to community
5. Disaster Planning: coordinated with municipalities HPPA/EMA; HCNSEO