Eastern Lake Ontario Environmental Research Group 2000 (cont'd from eloerg.tripod.com/waupoos)

Lake Ontario's Troubled Waters: U of Michigan GLEAM, January 2013

Leon Redbone, RIP, June 2019
Ontario Endangered Species Act at risk, letter to Rod Phillips, April 2019
Slide to Extinction, Chris Humphrey, letter to Globe, October 31, 2018
Peter Galbraith, FRCP, obituary, October 2017
White Pines on Death Bed, Bruce Bell, Intelligencer, July 17,2018
Thucydides Trap, letter to Globe, May 2018
Great Lakes toxics down, SUNY Oswego/Clarkson U, April 2018
Machine subversion of democracy, letter to Globe, April 2018
Air Pollution overrides Ancestral Genes, Globe, March 2018
Olympian Cathal Kelly, letter to Globe, March 2018
Environmentalists seeking unemployment, letter to Globe, February 2018
Less is more on Bike Lanes, National Post, January 2018
Tramadol, 10 years on, Globe and Mail, November 2017
White Stripes: Belleville bicycle lanes, letters, November 2017
Occupational Cancers, CCO research results, Globe and Mail, October 2017
Big Pharmoney and Canadian Drug Use Guidelines, Globe and Mail, June 21, 2017, Kelly Grant
Oxycontin, 20 years on, letter to Globe, May 2017
Lake Ontario wind turbines to remain on hold? Feb 2017
Obituary, Raold Serebrin, September 2016
Sartorial slip or signal? letter to Globe editor, October 2016
Weapons of mass distraction, letter to Globe editor, Oct 2016
Point O turbines 99% Down the Drain, CCSAGE, July 7, 2016
Point O turbines Dead and Damned, PECFN, July 6, 2016
Rabid diplomat, letter to Globe, May, 2016
More on bats: rabid rocker? letter to Globe, January 2016
Lighthouses of eastern Lake Ontario, new book by Marc Seguin, March 2016
Continuing corporate windpower malfeasance: Windstream and Trillium Corp, Feb 2016
Amherst Island: the next fine mess, Feb 2016
Valerie Langer: Thirty years of effort pays off on the B.C. coast, Feb 1,2016
Trillium log, 6th annual ELO expedtion, September 2015
Trillium Wind Corp intent on Spoliation of eastern Lake Ontario and Main Duck Isle, June 2015
Turtles rule? Ontario Court of Appeal Decision: Turtlegate, April 2015
Obituaries, Mary Terrance (Luke) Hill, January 2015; Valerie Ingrid (Hill) Kaldes, July 2015
Ontario Court of Appeal turtle hearing, December 2014
Trillium Log, 5th annual ELO expedition, September 2014
Planetary public health manifesto, The Lancet, March 2014
Ostrander Bioblitz, butterfly inventory walk, August 10, 2014
Victory at Cape Vincent: British Petroleum withdraws turbine proposal, February 2014
Stay of execution granted by Ontario Court of Appeal, March 2014
Never say die: Will the Court of Appeal let the Ostrander Phoenix fly free again? March 2014
Divisional Court ruling in Ostrander: turtles belly up, Trojan horses win, February 2014
Lafarge 2020, pushing the air envelope again, Hazardous waste as cement kiln fuel proposal, Jan2014
Another fine mess in Port Hope: municipal waste incinerator proposal, January 2014
Ostrander: fiasco, or snafu? you decide, December 2013
Ostrander rises again, Noli illegitimi carborundum, December 2013
British Petroleum backing off Cape Vincent after a decade of aggression? December 2013
Turbines best Bald Eagles in U.S law, December 2013
SARStock 10 years after, letter to editor, August 2003
Trillium log September 2013: Surfin' USA: Hanging Ten in a Hughes 29
ERT Post mortem: Garth Manning lets it all hang out, August 2013
ERT post mortem: Cheryl Anderson lets it all hang out, August 2013
ERT Post Mortem: Ian Dubin lets it all hang out, August 2013
Great Lakes United turns thirty, goes down, RIP GLU, July 29, 2013
ERT decision, Ostrander turns turtle, goes down, July 3, 2013
PECFN Thankyou, and Appeal for funds, July 6, 2013
Minister of Env on Lake Ontario Off shore wind turbine status, June 2013
Lake Ontario water level control plan, June 2013
Play by Play, Part II, APPEC Ostrander ERT Appeal, June 2013
Ostrander ERT June 2013, Appendix VI, an indirect cause of human morbidity and mortality ?
ELOERG Presentation to Ostrander ERT, Part II, Human Health, May 2013
The Dirty E-Word, Terry Sprague, Picton Gazette, April 2013
Toxics in Great Lakes Plastic Pollution, April 2013
Bill Evans on Birds and Wind farms, April 2013
Mayday, Naval Marine Archive, April 2013
Experimental Lakes Area, Kenora, Closing by Federal Gov't, March 2013
Fishing Lease Phase out on Prince Edward Point, March 2013
Windstream makes $1/2 Billion NAFTA claim, March 2013
Play by Play, PECFN Ostrander ERT Appeal, March 2013
Offshore Wind turbine moratorium 2 years later, The Star, Feb 2013
ELOERG ERT submission on Ostrander: Appendix V: Pushing the Envelope of the MoE SEV, Feb 2013
Wente on Wind and Bald Eagle mugging, Globe and Mail, February 2, 2013
Sprague on Wind and Bald Eagle mugging, Picton Gazette, Jan 25, 2013
Cry Me a River over a Few Bats: Submission to Env Review Tribunal, ELOERG, January 2013
Lake Ontario's Troubled Waters: U of Michigan GLEAM, January 2013
Letter to Minister of Environment re: Ostrander, January 2013
No Balm in Gilead: Ostrander IWT's as Trojan Horses, January 2013
Ostrander Turbines: another Christmas gift by the MoE, Dec 2012
Occupational carcinogens: Ontario Blue Collar breast cancer study, November 2012
Fresh water fish Extinctions, Scientific American,November 2012
Great Lakes Toxics revisited, November 2012
Frack the What ? November 2012
$ 2 1/4 Billion Trillium Power lawsuit knockback Appeal, November 2012
Canada Centre for Inland Waters decimated, October 2012
Birds, Bats, Turbines, and the Environmental Commissioner of Ontario, October 2012
Ecological public health, the 21st centurys big idea? British MedicalJournal Sept1,2012
Trillium log, Sept 2012
George Prevost, Saviour of the Canadas, 1812 - 1814. June 2012
The Victory at Picton: Bicentennial Conference on War of 1812-1814, Differing Perspectives, May 2012
Carleton Island and the 1812, letter to the Globe, October 2011
Queen's Fine Arts Department Succumbs, letter to Principal, December 2011
Mr. Kumar and the Super 30, November 2011
Letters, Articles and Projects from the Nineties
Alban Goddard Hill, web site manager

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Lake Ontario's troubled waters

Debra J. Groom, The Post-Standard By Debra J. Groom, The Post-Standard
on January 14, 2013 at 5:29 PM, 
ontario.jpg High waves induced by Superstorm Sandy roll onto the shore of Lake Ontario at Oswego in October. The Oswego lighthouse is in the background.  

Oswego, NY -- Lake Ontario is the most stressed of the five Great Lakes, a new study that maps environmental threats to the lakes shows.

The study by the Great Lakes Environmental Assessment and Mapping Project, led by researchers at the University of Michigan, identifies how “environmental stressors” are shaping the future of the lakes, which account for 20 percent of the world’s fresh water.

Those stressors, 34 in all, include coastal development, climate change, invasive species and toxic chemicals.

Current conditions do not, however, mean the lake is doomed. One of the authors of the report said Thursday that Lake Ontario can be saved and made healthy again.

“Think about 1976. Lake Erie was declared dead. The rivers were on fire, and it was a cesspool,” said Gregory Boyer, chair of the chemistry department at State University College of Environmental Science and Forestry in Syracuse. “But some people said, ‘Let’s go ahead; let’s fix it up.’ It took 30 years for it to turn around.”

For Lake Ontario, the most severe stressors are invasive species such as zebra and quagga mussels, nitrogen runoff and toxic pollution from mercury and PCBs.

Boyer said the runoff and toxic chemicals are transported to the lake from the cities and industries along the Oswego, Genesee and Niagara rivers. Nitrogen specifically flows into these tributaries as a result of spillover from municipal sewage systems.

This is true in Oswego. The city signed a consent decree with the state and federal governments a couple of years ago to fix its West Side Wastewater Treatment Plant, at an estimated cost of $87 million, so sewage no longer enters the Oswego River.

That work, Boyer said, is one step toward bringing Lake Ontario back to good health. Cleaning Onondaga Lake, which runs into the Oswego River and then to Lake Ontario, also will help.

The GLEAM map shows Lake Ontario colored predominantly red with some areas of orange, the top two levels of environmental stress. There are no areas shaded yellow, green or blue, which indicate less stress.

The maps also show that nitrogen, zebra and quagga mussels, and mercury and PCB pollution are prevalent in nearly all areas of the lake. Other stressors show up in smaller places, such as the power plants at Scriba and outside Rochester; charter fishing near the cities; and ballast water pollution in port areas.

Key to the future, according to Boyer, is that the stressors shouldn’t be looked at individually, but taken together. What the study did, he said, was “identify the hot spots, and then we can focus on some of these areas that seem to have more cumulative stress.”

“Lake Ontario shows so red on the map because of the multiplicity of stressors,” David Allan, the project’s lead researcher and a professor of aquatic sciences at the University of Michigan, said.

“Current efforts to conserve, manage and restore the Great Lakes often take a piecemeal approach, targeting threats one by one,” Allan said. “We need to recognize that the Great Lakes are affected by multiple environmental stressors and devise strategies based on a full reckoning.”

One problem with Lake Ontario that probably can’t be fixed is the influx of invasive species. Boyer said zebra mussels and other species have been introduced to the Great Lakes through shipping and, once here, are difficult to eliminate.

“The problem with invasives is they are easier to keep out than to get rid of them,” Boyer said.

For more information

Go to this website link to check out the Great Lakes Environmental Assessment and Mapping Project. To see the interactive maps, click on Lake Stressors. To see each individual stressor for the lakes, click on the icon on the right top of the map that looks like three white pages. Click on the individual stressors to see how they affect the various lakes.

Lake Ontario stressors

Stressors should not be looked at individually as harmful. But taken cumulatively, they cause stress to a lake.
Tributary dams
Decreased ice cover
Water temperature warming
Power plants
Charter fishing
Native stocking
Non-native stocking
Invasive species including round goby, sea lamprey and zebra and quagga mussels
Nonpoint nitrogen loading
Nonpoint sediment loading
Toxins including mercury, sediment copper and sediment PCBs.

Rank of lakes for stress:

From most to least stressed:
Lake Ontario
Lake Erie
Lake Michigan
Lake Huron
Lake Superior

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Eastern Lake Ontario Environmental Research Group