Eastern Lake Ontario Environmental Research Group 2000 (cont'd from eloerg.tripod.com/waupoos)

Play by Play, Part II, APPEC Ostrander ERT Appeal, June 2013
Slide to Extinction, Chris Humphrey, letter to Globe, October 31, 2018
Peter Galbraith, FRCP, obituary, October 2017
White Pines on Death Bed, Bruce Bell, Intelligencer, July 17,2018
Thucydides Trap, letter to Globe, May 2018
Great Lakes toxics down, SUNY Oswego/Clarkson U, April 2018
Machine subversion of democracy, letter to Globe, April 2018
Air Pollution overrides Ancestral Genes, Globe, March 2018
Olympian Cathal Kelly, letter to Globe, March 2018
Environmentalists seeking unemployment, letter to Globe, February 2018
Less is more on Bike Lanes, National Post, January 2018
Tramadol, 10 years on, Globe and Mail, November 2017
White Stripes: Belleville bicycle lanes, letters, November 2017
Occupational Cancers, CCO research results, Globe and Mail, October 2017
Big Pharmoney and Canadian Drug Use Guidelines, Globe and Mail, June 21, 2017, Kelly Grant
Oxycontin, 20 years on, letter to Globe, May 2017
Lake Ontario wind turbines to remain on hold? Feb 2017
Obituary, Raold Serebrin, September 2016
Sartorial slip or signal? letter to Globe editor, October 2016
Weapons of mass distraction, letter to Globe editor, Oct 2016
Point O turbines 99% Down the Drain, CCSAGE, July 7, 2016
Point O turbines Dead and Damned, PECFN, July 6, 2016
Rabid diplomat, letter to Globe, May, 2016
More on bats: rabid rocker? letter to Globe, January 2016
Lighthouses of eastern Lake Ontario, new book by Marc Seguin, March 2016
Continuing corporate windpower malfeasance: Windstream and Trillium Corp, Feb 2016
Amherst Island: the next fine mess, Feb 2016
Valerie Langer: Thirty years of effort pays off on the B.C. coast, Feb 1,2016
Trillium log, 6th annual ELO expedtion, September 2015
Trillium Wind Corp intent on Spoliation of eastern Lake Ontario and Main Duck Isle, June 2015
Turtles rule? Ontario Court of Appeal Decision: Turtlegate, April 2015
Obituaries, Mary Terrance (Luke) Hill, January 2015; Valerie Ingrid (Hill) Kaldes, July 2015
Ontario Court of Appeal turtle hearing, December 2014
Trillium Log, 5th annual ELO expedition, September 2014
Planetary public health manifesto, The Lancet, March 2014
Ostrander Bioblitz, butterfly inventory walk, August 10, 2014
Victory at Cape Vincent: British Petroleum withdraws turbine proposal, February 2014
Stay of execution granted by Ontario Court of Appeal, March 2014
Never say die: Will the Court of Appeal let the Ostrander Phoenix fly free again? March 2014
Divisional Court ruling in Ostrander: turtles belly up, Trojan horses win, February 2014
Lafarge 2020, pushing the air envelope again, Hazardous waste as cement kiln fuel proposal, Jan2014
Another fine mess in Port Hope: municipal waste incinerator proposal, January 2014
Ostrander: fiasco, or snafu? you decide, December 2013
Ostrander rises again, Noli illegitimi carborundum, December 2013
British Petroleum backing off Cape Vincent after a decade of aggression? December 2013
Turbines best Bald Eagles in U.S law, December 2013
SARStock 10 years after, letter to editor, August 2003
Trillium log September 2013: Surfin' USA: Hanging Ten in a Hughes 29
ERT Post mortem: Garth Manning lets it all hang out, August 2013
ERT post mortem: Cheryl Anderson lets it all hang out, August 2013
ERT Post Mortem: Ian Dubin lets it all hang out, August 2013
Great Lakes United turns thirty, goes down, RIP GLU, July 29, 2013
ERT decision, Ostrander turns turtle, goes down, July 3, 2013
PECFN Thankyou, and Appeal for funds, July 6, 2013
Minister of Env on Lake Ontario Off shore wind turbine status, June 2013
Lake Ontario water level control plan, June 2013
Play by Play, Part II, APPEC Ostrander ERT Appeal, June 2013
Ostrander ERT June 2013, Appendix VI, an indirect cause of human morbidity and mortality ?
ELOERG Presentation to Ostrander ERT, Part II, Human Health, May 2013
The Dirty E-Word, Terry Sprague, Picton Gazette, April 2013
Toxics in Great Lakes Plastic Pollution, April 2013
Bill Evans on Birds and Wind farms, April 2013
Mayday, Naval Marine Archive, April 2013
Experimental Lakes Area, Kenora, Closing by Federal Gov't, March 2013
Fishing Lease Phase out on Prince Edward Point, March 2013
Windstream makes $1/2 Billion NAFTA claim, March 2013
Play by Play, PECFN Ostrander ERT Appeal, March 2013
Offshore Wind turbine moratorium 2 years later, The Star, Feb 2013
ELOERG ERT submission on Ostrander: Appendix V: Pushing the Envelope of the MoE SEV, Feb 2013
Wente on Wind and Bald Eagle mugging, Globe and Mail, February 2, 2013
Sprague on Wind and Bald Eagle mugging, Picton Gazette, Jan 25, 2013
Cry Me a River over a Few Bats: Submission to Env Review Tribunal, ELOERG, January 2013
Lake Ontario's Troubled Waters: U of Michigan GLEAM, January 2013
Letter to Minister of Environment re: Ostrander, January 2013
No Balm in Gilead: Ostrander IWT's as Trojan Horses, January 2013
Ostrander Turbines: another Christmas gift by the MoE, Dec 2012
Occupational carcinogens: Ontario Blue Collar breast cancer study, November 2012
Fresh water fish Extinctions, Scientific American,November 2012
Great Lakes Toxics revisited, November 2012
Frack the What ? November 2012
$ 2 1/4 Billion Trillium Power lawsuit knockback Appeal, November 2012
Canada Centre for Inland Waters decimated, October 2012
Birds, Bats, Turbines, and the Environmental Commissioner of Ontario, October 2012
Ecological public health, the 21st centurys big idea? British MedicalJournal Sept1,2012
Trillium log, Sept 2012
George Prevost, Saviour of the Canadas, 1812 - 1814. June 2012
The Victory at Picton: Bicentennial Conference on War of 1812-1814, Differing Perspectives, May 2012
Carleton Island and the 1812, letter to the Globe, October 2011
Queen's Fine Arts Department Succumbs, letter to Principal, December 2011
Mr. Kumar and the Super 30, November 2011
Letters, Articles and Projects from the Nineties
Alban Goddard Hill, web site manager

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When Great Need Calls – Heroes Answer!

Today – in a small Hearing room at the Sophiasburgh Town Hall in Demorestville, Ontario – three Heroes will stand tall for the people of rural Ontario.

Eric Gillespie – will once again provide remarkable legal counsel as he wraps up 2 months of a gruelling schedule – up to 16 hour days, single-handedly battling teams of lawyers on the other side (fully funded by tax dollars) to provide citizens with a strong and loud voice despite a legal structure created to assure our defeat!

Professor John Harrison – will bring years of exceptional expertise and experience in the field of Physics combined with his own love of the wondrous natural environment as shared at his home on Amherst Island, to once and for all, properly explain the errors and omissions inherent in Ontario Government regulations governing the placement of Industrial Wind Machines too close to people and their homes. …

Dr. Robert McMurtry – Order of Canada, distinguished physician and surgeon, Canadian Icon and leading figure in public health in Canada for over 3 decades and Advocate for Health and Well Being – will, once again stand tall for his neighbours, his community, his Province and for all those suffering the ill effects of living too close to giant Industrial Wind Generators.

We are proud of these, our friends and neighbours and we honour them for their brave and caring acts.

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June 5th at the ERT

Report on June 5th ERT Hearing on Human Health Appeal
Henri Garand


The Environmental Review Tribunal heard Ministry of Environment (MOE) witness Dr. Kieran Moore, independent presenter Dr. Alban Goddard-Hill, and Gilead Power witness Dr. Werner Richarz.


Qualifying of Dr. Kieran Moore

Dr. Kieran Moore is the associate medical officer of public health for Kingston, Frontenac, Lennox and Addington.  He is also an associate professor in emergency medicine at Queen’s University.  He has not carried out research on industrial wind turbines (IWTs), but he said he keeps up to date on the scientific literature because of the Wolfe Island wind project.

There were no objections to Dr. Moore being qualified as a “physician with expertise in family and emergency medicine, public health, and preventive medicine.”


Examination of Dr. Kieran Moore

Dr. Moore noted that as the medical records of APPEC’s witnesses do not provide a complete exposure history, diagnostic errors could easily occur.  He said further complications can arise from patient bias, drug interactions, and fluctuating chronic conditions such as depression and fibromyalgia.  Referring to three patients, he commented on the difficulty of diagnosis but suggested alternative explanations for their insomnia, which he said, in any event, is prevalent in the general population.

Dr. Moore supports the findings in the report by Dr. Arlene King, Ontario’s Chief Medical Officer of Health, that IWTs are a not a cause of direct adverse health effects.  He outlined the Bradford-Hill criteria for causation and said these are difficult to apply because a biologically plausible pathway for IWTs is unknown and IWTs are reported to have multiple effects rather than a single health effect.   He called Dr. McMurty’s case definition a “hypothetical syndrome” in which third-order criteria include many conditions present in a large population.  He said annoyance is “a normal state, not a disease,” and he suggested that it may be due, not to noise, but simply to hearing and seeing IWTs.

Dr. Moore compared “harm to human health” to a pyramid in which death is at the top, fatal diseases and permanent chronic diseases below, and so on.  He said serious harm is irreversible.  He also questioned the World Health Organization’s definition of health (”complete sense of well-being”) as “unrealistic”; he preferred “resilience to stress.”

The Precautionary Principle, according to Dr. Moore, cannot be used for IWTs because there are no significant health effects and no certainty of causation.  The MOE’s compliance protocol is a sufficient precaution.


Cross-examination of Dr. Moore

Gilead Power lawyer Bryn Gray had no questions.

APPEC lawyer Eric Gillespie confirmed that (1) Dr. Moore had reviewed only the witness statements and medical records, not transcripts of testimonies, (2) no “exposure history” is documented, and (3) Dr. Moore had made no diagnoses.


ERT Panel Questions

Co-chair Robert Wright asked for clarification on the Precautionary Principle.  Dr. Moore said that it required adequate evidence of causation and high probability of significant harm.

Mr. Wright also asked about direct effects of IWTs located on Crown land to which the public has access.   Dr. Moore said signs might warn people of the risks.

Co-chair Heather Gibbs asked about indirect pathways such as sleep deprivation causing adverse health effects.  Dr. Moore said that sleep disorders are common and IWTs would cause no problems because of current noise limits and setbacks.


Presentation of Dr. Alban Goddard-Hill

Dr. Goddard-Hill was qualified as a “physician in general practice and family medicine.”

Dr. Goddard-Hill noted that reports of sleep disorders are increasing in Ontario and that sleep problems can lead to a wide range of physiological and psychological effects.  He said that IWTs would cause sleep deprivation in some people, with potentially fatal consequences.  He referred to articles in an appendix to his written presentation that linked sleep deprivation to drowsiness in drivers and to fatal motor accidents.


Examination of Dr. Werner Richarz

Dr. Richarz provided a primer on acoustics and IWTs.  The A-weighted measurement scale is a convenient way to mimic human perception of sound.  Sound is attenuated by distance and atmospheric conditions, as well as by the absorption of vegetation, ground, and structural barriers.  Infrasound is at the frequency range below 20 Hz (hertz), and it is not audible at 550 m.  Low-frequency noise (LFN) is defined as 10-100 or 20-200 Hz.

The noise from IWTs is both mechanical (e.g. from gears and generators) and aerodynamic (from the rotating blades and atmospheric airflow, or turbulence).
Amplitude modulation is usually small and not perceptible: one dBA, 1% of the time.  The “swoosh” sound comes from broadband noise that rises and diminishes.  Newer turbines have smoother operation.

Dr. Richarz considered three studies of turbine noise.  He said that tests at witness Nicole Horton’s house show the turbines are in compliance.  The study at the Shirley, Wisconsin, wind project may have identified peaks of LFN, but these were not audible and LFN is “not a serious issue” for health.  The results in Dr. Thorne’s study of turbine noise suggest that other sounds had contaminated the measurements.

Dr. Richarz concluded that the Ostrander Point project poses little harm because the area is sparsely settled and residents would not be exposed to more than 40 dBA of noise.

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June 4th at the ERT

Report on June 4th ERT Hearing on Human Health Appeal
Paula Peel


The Ministry of the Environment’s (MOE) case continued with the Environmental Review Tribunal hearing the full testimony of Dr. Cornelia Baines.  Gilead Power witness Dr. Werner Richarz was qualified to give testimony.


Qualifying of Dr. Baines

Dr. Baines is Professor Emeritus at the Epidemiology Division of the Department of Public Health Sciences, University of Toronto.  For the past thirty years Dr. Baines has researched the efficiency of breast cancer screening.

Dr. Baines confirmed that she is not an expert in wind turbines, in acoustics, or in sleep disturbances, tinnitus, ear pressure, headaches or any other medical symptoms that form the central case for the appellant.   Dr. Baines has done no epidemiological study of health effects related to wind turbines.  Dr. Baines has not been a practicing physician since the early 1980s.

APPEC lawyer Eric Gillespie submitted evidence relating to Dr. Baines’ testimony at the Chatham-Kent ERT, including a presentation to the Executive Committee of the City of Toronto in April 2010 and a letter to  the Guelph Mercury, also in April 2010, where Dr. Baines asserts there is no evidence of adverse effect on health.  Dr. Baines said that her view has not changed.

Dr. Baines was qualified as a physician epidemiologist with expertise in the design, measurement and evaluation of research studies.


Examination of Dr. Baines

Dr. Baines gave various reasons why there is no evidence of a causal effect between wind turbines and exposed populations:

•        Symptoms preceding wind turbines, either because of suggestion or worry.

•        Constancy, where only 1 in well over 200 people have complained.

•        Biological plausibility: unlikely such a wide range of symptoms caused by a single source.

•        Reversibility in effects reported.  Suggestibility comes into play:  If you believe wind turbines are making you ill and you leave, there will be psychogenetic benefit to counteract psychogenic harm.

•        Small sample sizes in Dr. Nissenbaum’s study and others.  These render it difficult to produce compelling conclusions.

Dr. Baines considers that the association of symptoms with wind turbines is not strong based on the prevalence of the same symptoms in the general population.  According to a New Yorker article, more than 50% of people aged 13-64 experience sleep problems.   A U.S. study found that 1 out of 3 people over age 51 complain of fatigue.  In Canada, 6.4 million people over the age of 15 report a lot of stress in their lives.

Dr. Baines believes that age may contribute to symptoms, such as aching bones, tinnitus, and heart palpitations, experienced by people bothered by wind turbines.  Dr. Baines noted that in the questionnaires provided to the MOE people over 40 reported 80% of the symptoms.

Dr. Baines considers that Dr. Robert McMurtry’s study is very preliminary, the methodology is unsound, and the manner in which the case study was developed does not meet appropriate standards.  She identified two problems with Dr. Robert Thorne’s study:  the overall small sample size and the diverse sample composition.

Dr. Baines concludes that no evidence shows wind turbines cause harm to health.


Cross-examination of Dr. Baines

Mr. Gillespie asked Dr. Baines whether it was fair to say that virtually all the symptoms she looked at were irrelevant in terms of APPEC’s case and whether she was aware that neither Dr. McMurtry nor Dr. Thorne referred in their testimony to “wind turbine syndrome”.   Dr. Baines considers that the 200+ symptoms identified by Simon Chapman are part of a working knowledge of wind turbine syndrome and that use of this term is prevalent.

Mr. Gillespie noted Dr. Baines’ reliance on such diverse sources as the New Yorker and the Toronto Star, on the British Medical Journal, and a summary on Simon Chapman’s website.   Dr. Baines said she was informed by newspaper reports but depends on journal articles.  Dr. Baines denied she is an advocate.

Given the prevalence of symptoms such as sleep disturbances, fatigue, stress, headaches and heart palpitations, Mr. Gillespie asked Dr. Baines if people presenting in hospital with any one of these symptoms would be told:  “why everybody gets these, so go home”.  Dr. Baines said that the important issue isn’t what happens when people go to a doctor, it’s how many people do not go.

Dr. Baines did not agree that a doctor would look into the cause of disturbed sleep.  She said that as a physician she had many patients complaining of disturbed sleep.  There were probably multiple causes and they would be difficult to identify.

ERT Co-chair Robert Wright asked Dr. Baines whether this answer would be the same for each of the other effects listed.  Dr. Baines replied that some effects cry out for investigation and some call for reassurance.

Mr. Gillespie asked Dr. Baines if a doctor would look into the causes of any of the conditions.  Dr. Baines agreed that the issue is causation, that a doctor would look into the possibilities for vertigo, ear pressure or heart palpitations, and that one of the possibilities is noise annoyance.  Dr. Baines agreed that Dr. Levanthall presents a biological mechanism, but she argued that the missing variable is the level of noise required to create those symptoms.


Re-examination of Dr. Baines

Dr. Baines said that she has reviewed the transcript on the internet of three witnesses and they are all clearly unhappy and afflicted.


ERT Panel Questions

Co-chair Heather Gibbs asked Dr. Baines to clarify the distinction between association and causation.  Dr. Baines gave the example of silicone breast implants.  When women became concerned that breast implants were causing autoimmune disease, they attributed to the implants everything that happened, from tooth extractions to divorce.  For them, it was a causal effect.

Mr. Gillespie noted that some effects were associated with breast implants and some were not.  Dr. Baines agreed.

Mr. Wright asked about psychogenic illness.  Could it be demonstrated by epidemiological study?  Dr. Baines said it would require subjecting individuals to sham and real infrasound for varying lengths of time.  If they endured this over a month, it might be possible to say they were not just having psychogenetic symptoms.  The problem, however, is that no experiment which could cause harm to people is ethically acceptable.  Dr. Baines added that there was no reason to be concerned with noiseless infrasound in real life.

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Eastern Lake Ontario Environmental Research Group